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Smile India Trust NGO in India on World Down Syndrome Day

NGO in India

We can pretty much guarantee that everyone has seen the film TaareZameen Par. The film’s clear message is that every child is unique and special in their own way and that children are the stars of the world. We all are busy in mocking others when we see they are different from us. However, we forget that life will be dull if all have the same characteristics. On the day of World Down Syndrome Day, Smile India Trust NGO in India raises awareness about Down syndrome.

An additional copy of chromosome 21 (in part or whole) causes Down syndrome in affected individuals. Although the cause of this sickness is not yet established, it has always been as a component of the human condition. It occurs everywhere in the world and frequently has varying consequences on learning preferences, physical traits, and overall health.

The development of the baby’s body and brain is altered in Down syndrome babies due to an extra copy of a chromosome. A fairly low IQ (a test of intelligence) and slower speech than other youngsters are typical characteristics of those with this syndrome.

Smile India Trust is an NGO in India that always supports and believes in holistic development and provides human rights to its members with full protection, education, and help to develop skills. We assist children with mental illnesses and special abilities. 

NGO in India on World Down Syndrome Day History

Through approving resolution A/RES/66/149 in December 2011, the United Nations General Assembly designated March 21 as World Down Syndrome Day. On March 21st, 2012, the inaugural World Down Syndrome Day was marked. They considered it essential to spread awareness of the Down syndrome condition.

The General Assembly formally invited all member states, pertinent United Nations agencies, other international organizations, and civil society organizations, including NGO and the corporate sector, to observe the day.

World Down Syndrome Day Importance

Moreover, Every year, people throughout the world celebrate International Down Syndrome Day to increase their understanding of the condition. According to the official website of Down Furthermore, Syndrome International, on World Down Syndrome Day, individuals with Down syndrome, as well as those who live and work with them, organize and take part in activities and events to increase public awareness and forge a unified global voice in support of the rights, inclusion, and well-being of individuals with Down syndrome.


Since 2006, the United Nations has invited all of its members and some of its significant organizations to mark International Down Syndrome Day on March 21. Finally, This day is devoted to raising awareness of the illness and fostering community interaction.

Moreover, people wear, mismatched shocks of normally include blue and yellow.

What is Down Syndrome?

Trisomy 21 is another name for Down syndrome. It is basically a genetic condition brought on by aberrant cell division, which produces an extra whole or partial copy of chromosome 21. A person’s additional genetic material alters their physical characteristics, developmental patterns, and other aspects of their being.

The degree of the down syndrome varies from person to person, causing developmental delays and lifelong intellectual disabilities. The most frequent genetic condition that impairs learning in children is down syndrome. In addition, it contributes to other physiological issues like digestive and cardiac problems.

Down syndrome can cause minor, moderate, or severe issues in a person. Down syndrome has different facial characteristics in both children and adults. These are some of the typical characteristics:

  • Flat face
  • Small Nose
  • Short figures, feet, head, and neck
  • Short height
  • Protruding tongue
  • Flattened face

Types of Down Syndrome

Down syndrome consists of two types of Trisomy 21 (non-disjunction), Mosaicism, or Translocation. The process of normal cells dividing is seen in the chart below.

Trisomy 21

Non-disjunction, a type of cell division, mistake, is typically the cause of Down syndrome. An embryo with non-disjunction has three rather than the usual two copies of chromosome 21. A pair of the 21st chromosomes in either the sperm or the egg fails to split before or during fertilization.


When two different cell types coexist, some possessing the typical 46 chromosomes and some containing 47, it is mosaicism (or mosaic Down syndrome). There is an additional copy of chromosome 21 in cells with 47 chromosomes.

The least frequent type of Down syndrome is masochism. Only 1% of all cases of Down syndrome main cause of this. According to research, people with mosaic Down syndrome may have fewer Down syndrome traits than people with other kinds of disorders. However, due to the great diversity of abilities persons with Down syndrome possess, generalizations are not feasible.


There are still 46 chromosomes in each cell in this kind of down syndrome, however, there is an extra portion of chromosome 21. However, the signs and symptoms of Down syndrome by that additional complete or half chromosome.

Down syndrome affects between 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide. This chromosomal abnormality affects between 3,000 and 5,000 newborns every year.

World Down Syndrome Day Theme

2017-My voice My Community

2018- What I bring to the community

2019- Leave No One Behind

2020-  We decide

2021-  Connect

2022-Inclusion Means

2023- With us not for us

Smile India Trust NGO in India helps every child to get the best medical facilities and provides protection and development facilities. Every year on March 21, World Down Syndrome Day (WDSD) is marked to increase awareness of Down syndrome through a range of channels. These include education, healthcare, medical professions, and other channels.  We as an NGO help in counseling people and making them aware of this syndrome.

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