One of India’s main public health issues is tuberculosis. About 220,000 people die from tuberculosis in India each year, making it a serious public health issue. India is home to the greatest tuberculosis pandemic in the world, according to WHO estimates. Smile India Trust famous NGOs in India on World Tuberculosis Day, relies on one of India’s well-known non-governmental organizations to raise awareness of the disease’s devastating health, social, and economic consequences, as well as the efforts being made to eradicate it. Take a look at this year’s theme, its history, its significance, and some facts of the day.
In today’s era, there is concern about health. A nation’s health is one of the most important markers of its level of development or economic standing since a wealthy nation is a nation that is in good health.
Health-related issues need to be treated seriously in a nation that wants to develop, according to the World Health Organization. Globally, the population is growing in comparison to earlier years. Various health risks that this group is subject to the need to be addressed globally.
Tuberculosis Day Objective
Many countries have focused a lot of attention on tuberculosis as a worldwide issue. Mycobacterium illness is what it is. There are numerous strains of this mycobacterium that cause illness.
One of the main health issues impacting the Indian population is tuberculosis. According to the research, youths are frequently infected with this particular ailment. Smile India Trust one of the famous NGOs in India sees it’s important to note that young are always the most active segment in any country because they are powerful and have room to grow at their potential to improve their own lives, the lives of others around them, and the country as a whole.
Famous NGOs in India on World Tuberculosis Day History
The discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, by Dr. Robert Koch on this day in 1882 paved the door for the treatment and diagnosis of the illness. We cannot deny that TB is still the most lethal infectious killer on the globe. At the UN High-Level Conference in September 2018, heads of state came together for the first time 2018 to coordinate efforts to speed up the response to TB in nations and make promises to end the disease.
What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis, which is also known as, TB, this disease is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium. The disease, primarily targets the lung part, apart from this it also affects another body part, which includes the kidney, spine, joints, and brain. It is a dangerous disease, though it is a curable one.
Let us inform you that around one-third of people on the planet have latent tuberculosis, which refers to those who have contracted the TB germs but have not yet developed symptoms and cannot spread the disease.
Basically, there is also a 10% lifetime risk of developing TB disease for those who have contracted TB germs. However, these persons are at greater risk than those with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV, malnutrition, or diabetes, or those who smoke or are at significantly higher risk of contracting an illness.
Types of Tuberculosis
However, There are 2 types of tuberculosis that affect the lungs part of the human body and deteriorate the health of an individual.
Latent TB: When you have a TB infection, but no symptoms are present because the germs are dormant in your body, this condition is referred to as latent TB. Although latent TB is not contagious, it has the potential to become active.
Active TB: The tuberculosis symptoms you experience are known as “active TB,” which occurs when the TB germs in your body multiply. Furthermore, you can quickly infect people with active TB if your lungs get the infection.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
People suffering from Latent TB don’t show any symptoms unless they go under blood test or have a skin reaction test.
The Following are the symptoms shown in active TB cases:
- Cough (if longer than 2 weeks)
- Chest Pain
- Weight Loss
- Sweats during night
- Blood in mucus
World Tuberculosis Day Themes
1997: Use DOTS more widely
1998: DOTS success stories
1999: Stop TB, use DOTS
2000: Forging new partnerships to Stop TB
2001: DOTS: TB cure for all
2002: Stop TB, fight poverty
2003: DOTS cured me – it will cure you too!
2004: Every breath counts – Stop TB now!
2005: Frontline TB care providers: Heroes in the fight against TB
2006: Actions for life – Towards a world free of TB
2007: TB anywhere is TB everywhere
2008–2009: I am stopping TB
2010: Innovate to accelerate action
2011: Transforming the fight towards elimination
2012: Call for a world free of TB
2013: Stop TB in my lifetime
2014: Reach the three million: A TB test, treatment and cure for all
2015: Gear up to end TB
2016: Unite to End TB
017: Unite to End TB
2018: Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world
2019: It’s time
2020: It’s time to end TB!
2021: The clock is ticking
2022: Invest to end TB. Save Lives
2023: Yes! We Can End TB
However, medicine uses to treat and cure TB conditions. Patients with TB must take their medications on time and finish them as directed. Further, there is a risk of getting sick again if they discontinue taking the medication too soon or don’t finish the recommended dosage. The TB germs that are still alive could become resistant to the medications if they aren’t taken properly.
Moreover, early diagnosis and treatment are options for tuberculosis. When treating the condition, the TB strain is also crucial. Antibiotics uses as a kind of treatment for latent TB. The affected individuals basically advise taking a number of medications for a period of roughly nine months if they have active TB. However, individuals who have the drug-resistant type of TB face a more challenging course of treatment.
Government Initiative for Tuberculosis
After seeing, mainly tuberculosis as a serious concern and an increase in the number of cases, India has the highest number of TB cases, with an estimation of 26 lakhs people. Apart from this, every year, 4 lakhs people die from this hazardous disease.
After all, the major challenge in India is to tackle the poor healthcare infrastructure at the village level and the unregulated health facilities of private hospitals. However, to address all of this, the government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan, which aims to eliminate it by 2025. The target to eliminate it by 2025 directly connects to Sustainable Development Goal 2030.
The TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign, The Nikshay Ecosystem (a national TB information system), and The Nikshay Poshan Yojana (financial support). The National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis Elimination (2017–2025). Two TB vaccines, MIP (Mycobacterium Indicus Pranii) and VPM (Vaccine Projekt Management) 1002, creates, identified, and are currently undergoing Phase 3 clinical trials.
Nikhya Poshan Yojana With a direct benefit transfer to the patients, it offers Rs 500 in assistance. Ayushman Bharat Digital Health Mission: As part of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Health Mission, the government has concentrated on utilising technology and producing digital health IDs for TB sufferers in order to guarantee access to proper diagnosis and treatment.
Smile India Trust famous NGOs in India see this biggest campaign, which is important for the country to eradicate this long battle.
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